What is permutation? Define metonymy, the difference between metaphor and metonymy and practice metonymy exercises.

What is permutation? Metonymy examples and exercises
What is permutation?

Surely when you are studying in the 6th grade grammar program, you will learn what metonymy grammar is. This is a familiar and close rhetorical measure, but to be able to understand the details is something not everyone can grasp. Accordingly, the content of the following article will provide students with the concept of metonymy and the form of metonymy used mainly. All will be explained in detail shortly.

Definition of metonymy and concrete examples

How is the concept of metonymy understood?

Currently in the textbook of philology 6 has also helped you define metonymy clearly. Accordingly, you can understand metonymy is to use the name of one thing, thing or phenomenon to call another thing or phenomenon. All have to rely on the similarities and the closeness between them. This has helped the expression in sentences and verses become more attractive and lively.

The most commonly used metonymy types today

In communication life or in literary works, there will be 4 common metonymy types. That is:

  • Take a part to call the whole
  • Get a container to call the container
  • Use signs to name things
  • Take the concrete to call about the abstract

Metonymy is a rhetorical technique that enhances sensuality. That will help the expression bring more effective.

Must-know examples of metonymy

  • Take the part to call the whole

For example: He is a good striker in the team

  • Use the container to describe the container.

For example: When Ngoc entered the room, the whole room was shocked

In this case “room” is the container to say that the contained object is everyone in the room.

  • Use signs of things to call other things

For example: Hey, blue shirt brother!

In this case, “blue shirt” refers to the brother who is wearing the blue shirt.

  • Take the concrete to talk about the abstract

For example: In this team, there is a golden hand that is very good at catching

What is the difference between metonymy and metaphor?

Currently, there are quite a few students who are confusing metonymy and metaphor. Accordingly, to distinguish these two rhetorical measures, you can recognize the following:

The similarity between these two measures is that the name conversion will be based on association. They all have evocative effects to make the expression more interesting and interesting.

The difference between these two measures is the association. For metaphors that will be based on similarity, maybe these are two things, even though they have no connection with each other. However, as long as they have something in common, metaphorical rhetoric can still be used.

As for metonymy, it will be based on the close association between phenomena and things and they are directly related to each other.


  • Metonymy in the sentence: “Indigo brings separation”

In the daily life of the North Vietnamese, the image of the indigo shirt becomes close and familiar. When the author uses the image of “indigo shirt”, it will help readers have an association and closeness to the North Vietnamese people.

  • Metaphor in the poem “Visit Uncle Ho’s Tomb”

“Day by day the sun passes over the mausoleum,

Seeing a red sun in the steering so.”

In the above verse, the author is using metaphors and images of the sun to talk about Uncle. Both these images have one thing in common that is greatness, greatness.

Practice exercises on metonymy rhetoric

When doing exercises with metonymy rhetoric, there are 3 simple steps as follows:

  • State the rhetorical device used in a sentence or passage
  • Specify metaphors, metonymy, personification and comparison words

Effectiveness of the art of rhetoric is being used, that is, how are images, words and meanings used? Who is the target user? What are the benefits of using rhetoric?…

Exercise 1: Show metonymy and state the relationship between things

Sentence a

  • Our village: is the container
  • The people living in the village are the things that are contained
  • Metonymy of the relationship between the container and the container

sentence b

  • The abstract metonymy is “ten years” or “hundred years” which is not an exact number
  • Use metonymy to take the concrete to call the abstract

Sentence c

  • The metonymy is the “indigo shirt”
  • The thing to be replaced is “the people of Viet Bac”
  • The metonymy used is to take the part to call the whole

Sentence d

  • The medium that allows metonymy is the earth
  • The thing that can be substituted for metonymy is “Vietnamese people”
  • The metonymy used in that sentence is to take the part to call the whole.

Exercise 2: What is the difference between metonymy and metaphor?

As learned in the previous section, invite the children to follow the section comparing the differences and similarities between these two rhetoric.

Exercise 3

The spelling part, please refer to it and do it in class

Through the content of the above article, you have grasped the knowledge related to metonymy. Hopefully, this knowledge has helped them understand better and be able to apply it to do the exercises smoothly.

Looking for more information: What is comparison? Concepts and commonly used comparisons

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